This report from the McKinsey Global Institute examines all the ways people are earning income, as well as the challenges independent work presents.
Working nine to five for a single employer bears little resemblance to the way a substantial share of the workforce makes a living today. Millions of people assemble various income streams and work independently, rather than in structured payroll jobs. This is hardly a new phenomenon, yet it has never been well measured in official statistics - and the resulting data gaps prevent a clear view of a large share of labour-market activity.
This report aims to fill that gap. Mckinsey have used government data and findings from other studies to estimate the size of the independent workforce.