This report reviews the main results of some 60 years of collaboration between the European Union (EU) and the International Labour Office (ILO) which covers an ever-greater range of issues to address the future of work and the challenges it poses to the sustainability of decent work and social protection.
The collaboration with the ILO has helped shape the focus of the EU towards greater orientation in innovation and quality in the social field. Also, this interaction with the ILO has served to strengthen the so-called social model to achieve clearer aims than were previously articulated. The emphasis on high quality jobs, social security and trade unions, as well as on green jobs and sustainable development, have helped to give the ideology of the EU a progressive, democratic and open-minded perspective.
The Future of Work will also need new investment and reforms o educational systems to allow diffusion of STEM (Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics) skills and the dual principle (combining education and on-the-job training) at all appropriate levels of education and training. There also needs to be incentives for firms to invest in innovation and government support for high levels of research and development. Innovation can accelerate the process of job creation in emerging industries, helping offset the process of job destruction in declining industries thereby helping reduce the duration of structural change and its economic and social costs.